# formula for net pump discharge pressure at draft

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• ### PUMPING FROM DRAFT - Waterousco

2013-9-9 · the net pump pressure will be and the greater the power requirement for a particular capacity (rate of flow). With a given net pump pressure (as in a pump test), the inlet pressure may vary widely without affecting the power requirement as the discharge pressure can be varied as necessary to maintain the net pump pressure at the specified value.

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• ### Ch. 12 - IFSTA Driver/Operator Flashcards | Quizlet

The net pump discharge pressure, when pumping from a draft, is the sum of the pump discharge pressure and: the intake pressure correction The two primary types of static water supply sources are:

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• ### DPO Hydraulics Refresher - Lake Jackson, Virginia

2020-8-5 · maximum capacity at 150 psi pump pressure from draft. With a positive pressure source, a centrifugal pump takes advantage of the incoming pressure. Therefore, a pumper can pump 150 psi (+) the incoming pressure and maintain its rated capacity. For example: 150 psi net pump pressure + 45 psi incoming pressure = 195 psi discharge pressure and ...

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• ### 8-11 Calculate net pump discharge pressure

Start studying 8-11 Calculate net pump discharge pressure. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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• ### Common Pump Formula - Home - M.G. Newell

2016-5-23 · Common Pump Formula Product Viscosity where: 2 = Kinematic viscosity (mm /s) ... = static discharge head h ft = pressure drop in discharge line p t > 0 for pressure p t < 0 for vacuum p t = 0 for open tank ... (Net Positive Suction Head available) NPSHa = …

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• ### Friction Loss Formula for Fire Hydaulics - Cheat Sheet ...

COMPUTING NET ENGINE PRESSURE WHEN DRAFTING NEP = Suction Side Work + Discharge Side Work Work performed on the discharge side of the pump is indicated on the pump’s discharge gauge Work performed on the suction side of the pump is determined by computing the following formula: Work (psi) = Lift (in feet) + Intake Hose Friction Loss (psi) 2.3 ...

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• ### Net Pump Pressure NPP - My Firefighter Nation

2011-10-13 · The higher the net pressure goes from 150 the lower the pump rating is. With this being said the higher a incoming pressure is (as long as the water is there) the lower the net pressure becomes. EXAMPLE a 150 psi discharge pressure with a 100 psi intake pressure makes the net pressure 50.150 minus 100 = 50 .

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2020-12-11 · basic equation every pump operator needs to calculate when operating the fire pump. today, many pump pan-els have flow meters that allow the pump operator to match the readout on the pump panel with the gallon-per-minute (gpm) flow of the selected nozzle. this is a disservice to the integrity of the pump operator. a knowledgeable operator

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• ### Chapter 11 - Static Water Supply Sources Flashcards

Formula for Pressure Correction PC = (Lift + Total Intake Hose Friction Loss) 2.3 Lift = Required lift in feet TIHFL = Number from table 11.2 12 Formula for Net Pump Discharge Pressure at Draft NPDP = PDP + PC PDP = Pump Discharge Pressure PC = Pressure Correction 13

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• ### Ch. 12: Static Water Supply Sources Flashcards by

What is the net pump discharge pressure if a 1,000 gpm pumper operating from draft discharging water at 120 psi has a required lift of 15 feet through 20 feet of 5-inch hose ? FL For First 10 ft = 4 1/2 FL For Additional 10 ft. = 1.5

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• ### How to Calculate NPSH of Pump with Examples and

2017-5-21 · NPSH of pump (net positive suction head) should be calculated/predicted in the beginning of pump sizing.The purpose is to check if the pump will work appropriately. Liquid pressure will lower right in inlet of pump impeller. If pressure reduction is lower than vapor pressure, liquid phase will …

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• ### Pressure Correction - Firehouse Forums - Firefighting ...

2001-10-12 · What you need to calculate is NET pump pressure- the total pressure that a fire pump develops. But since a centrifugal fire pump- operating from a draft - actually has negative pressure on the intake side- and positive pressure on the discharge side of the pump -- the NET pump pressure is actually an algebraic sum of these two pressures.

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• ### Centrifugal Pumps - Engineering ToolBox

2021-5-7 · p 1 = pressure at inlet (N/m 2) ρ = density (kg/m 3) g = acceleration of gravity (9.81) m/s 2. v 2 = velocity at the outlet (m/s) Head described in simple terms. a pump's vertical discharge 'pressure-head' is the vertical lift in height - usually measured in feet or m of water - at which a pump can no longer exert enough pressure to move water.

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• ### BASIC PUMPING OPERATIONS - FireTestTaking

2006-3-30 · discharge pressure of the pump. The PPG will maintain the selected pressure setting in the LED display regardless of the number of discharges that are opened or closed as long as the water supply is capable of supplying the amount of water required. It is used in conjunction with individual discharge gates to regulate pressure.

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• ### Back to Basics Pump Sizing - AIChE

2016-12-2 · Discharge Suction Impeller Eye Impeller pFigure 1. In a centrifugal pump, a rotating impeller imparts energy to the liquid moving through the pump. Outlet Inlet Low-Pressure Fluid High-Pressure Fluid Fluid Carried Between Teeth and Case pFigure 2. A gear pump is a type of positive-displacement pump …

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• ### FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY FORMULA BOOK

2017-10-28 · fluid mechanics and machinery formula book 1. r.m.k college of engineering and technology rsm nagar, puduvoyal-601206 department of mechanical engineering ce6451 – fluid mechanics & machinery iii sem mechanical engineering regulation 2013 formula book prepared by c.bibin r.ashok kumar n.sadasivan

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• ### Cargo discharging operation in oil tankers

2020-7-21 · Cavitations will occur when the pump tries to discharge more cargo than can enter the suction, i.e., with high viscosity cargo or where the shipment is highly volatile (high RVP cargoes). In such cases, the cargo tank I.G. pressure could significantly contribute to the increase of the cargo pump's NPSH (Net Positive Suction Head).

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• ### (PDF) Procedure for Conducting Pumping Tests

The pump and power unit should be capable of ope rating continuously at a constant discharge for a period of at least a few days. There are several factors to be considered when d etermining the ...

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• ### Pressure Correction - Firehouse Forums - Firefighting ...

2001-10-12 · What you need to calculate is NET pump pressure- the total pressure that a fire pump develops. But since a centrifugal fire pump- operating from a draft - actually has negative pressure on the intake side- and positive pressure on the discharge side of the pump -- the NET pump pressure is actually an algebraic sum of these two pressures.

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• ### Centrifugal Pumps - Engineering ToolBox

2021-5-7 · p 1 = pressure at inlet (N/m 2) ρ = density (kg/m 3) g = acceleration of gravity (9.81) m/s 2. v 2 = velocity at the outlet (m/s) Head described in simple terms. a pump's vertical discharge 'pressure-head' is the vertical lift in height - usually measured in feet or m of water - at which a pump can no longer exert enough pressure to move water.

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• ### Fire Pumps CHAPTER 4 - NFPA

2021-1-27 · 200 psi (13.8 bar), or 50 psi (3.4 bar) above the maximum discharge pressure, whichever is greater, at the fire pump discharge flange. Verification that the proper pressure rating for pipe and fittings is used in the installation is important. This value is set to ensure

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• ### How Does Pump Suction Limit the Flow? | WWD

2003-4-22 · formula is as follows. FT = psi x 2.31 SG, where SG is specific gravity. This pressure, expressed in feet of water, is called discharge head at the pump exit side or suction head on the inlet side. The difference is a pump-developed head, also called a total dynamic head (TDH). These heads must include both static and dynamic components ...

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• ### BASIC PUMPING OPERATIONS - FireTestTaking

2006-3-30 · discharge pressure of the pump. The PPG will maintain the selected pressure setting in the LED display regardless of the number of discharges that are opened or closed as long as the water supply is capable of supplying the amount of water required. It is used in conjunction with individual discharge gates to regulate pressure.

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• ### AFTK-25 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

2018-10-2 · D- Automatic Pump Pressure Control Test: 1- While pumping 100% rated GPM of the pump, engage pressure control device and set to maintain pressure at 150 PSI Net Pump Pressure 2- Slowly close all discharge valves 3- Pressure surge should be no more than 30 PSI E- Overload Test: 1- Open an adequate number of discharge valves

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• ### Back to Basics Pump Sizing - AIChE

2016-12-2 · Discharge Suction Impeller Eye Impeller pFigure 1. In a centrifugal pump, a rotating impeller imparts energy to the liquid moving through the pump. Outlet Inlet Low-Pressure Fluid High-Pressure Fluid Fluid Carried Between Teeth and Case pFigure 2. A gear pump is a type of positive-displacement pump …

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• ### (PDF) Procedure for Conducting Pumping Tests

The pump and power unit should be capable of ope rating continuously at a constant discharge for a period of at least a few days. There are several factors to be considered when d etermining the ...

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• ### Water column separation in pump-turbine after load ...

2021-1-1 · As can be seen, the rotational speed increases and the runner discharge decreases with the guide-vane closing. During the same period, negative pressure waves form at the draft-tube entrance and propagate downwards. As a result, the draft-tube pressure falls gradually with strong fluctuations and reaches the vaporization value quickly.

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• ### IE: LESSON 37 Design of Sprinkler Irrigation System-I

Q = discharge, cm 3 s-1. C = sprinkler discharge coefficient which vary from 0.80 to 0.95. A = cross – sectional area of nozzle or orifice, cm 2. g = acceleration due to gravity, cm/s 2, and. h = pressure head, cm 37.4.6 Spread of Sprinkler: The area covered by a rotating head sprinkler can be estimated from the formula stated in equation 37.4.

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• ### Pressure Correction - Firehouse Forums - Firefighting ...

2001-10-12 · What you need to calculate is NET pump pressure- the total pressure that a fire pump develops. But since a centrifugal fire pump- operating from a draft - actually has negative pressure on the intake side- and positive pressure on the discharge side of the pump -- the NET pump pressure is actually an algebraic sum of these two pressures.

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• ### AFTK-25 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS APPARATUS

2020-1-14 · Computing Pump Discharge Pressure: A- Net Pump Pressure (NPP) is the measurement of the total amount of work performed by the pump: 1- To lift the water into the pump 2- To discharge the water from the pump B- Allowances are made for: 1- Height of lift 2- Friction loss in the hard suction intake hose plus the strainer

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• ### Centrifugal Pumps - Engineering ToolBox

2021-5-7 · p 1 = pressure at inlet (N/m 2) ρ = density (kg/m 3) g = acceleration of gravity (9.81) m/s 2. v 2 = velocity at the outlet (m/s) Head described in simple terms. a pump's vertical discharge 'pressure-head' is the vertical lift in height - usually measured in feet or m of water - at which a pump can no longer exert enough pressure to move water.

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• ### High-Rise Pumping: Establishing Your PDP - Fire ...

2019-2-7 · The rig at the FDC will pump full system pressure with an intake of 200 psi, giving him a Net PDP of 200. The FDC rig is doing twice the work. To mitigate this, the hydrant rig will pump half the system pressure (200) plus half the hydrant pressure (50), for a total PDP of 250 psi and a Net …

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• ### AFTK-25 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

2018-10-2 · D- Automatic Pump Pressure Control Test: 1- While pumping 100% rated GPM of the pump, engage pressure control device and set to maintain pressure at 150 PSI Net Pump Pressure 2- Slowly close all discharge valves 3- Pressure surge should be no more than 30 PSI E- Overload Test: 1- Open an adequate number of discharge valves

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• ### HOW TO design a pump system

2019-2-15 · Pressure is produced by the rotational speed of the impeller vanes. The speed is constant. The pump will produce a certain discharge pressure corresponding to the particular conditions of the system (for example, fluid viscosity, pipe size, elevation difference, etc.).

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• ### Friction Loss Calculator

2019-12-3 · Instructions on calculating pump discharge pressure Learn pump pressure management combining elevation change, hose friction loss & appliance friction loss. Pump and plumbing diagram Visual tool to map a fire engine's pump and plumbing. Follow the water to learn how the pump, valves and plumbig work together to deliver water to the fire.

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• ### Pump Suction Head and Altitude - Engineering ToolBox

2021-5-7 · Pressure to Head - Unit Converter - Convert between pressure and head units - like lb/in 2, atm, inches mercury, bars, Pa and more .. Pumps - Suction Specific Speed - Suction Specific Speed can be used to determine stable and reliable operations for pumps with max efficiency without cavitation

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• ### Procedures for Calculating Natural Ventilation Airflow ...

2010-9-24 · 'Building Pressure Distribution for Natural Ventilation' initiated in October 1985. The objective of the research was to review the worldwide data on building pressure coefficient and to assimilate the data for use in hourly calculation of natural ventilation airflow rates in buildings. This report is organized in two parts.

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• ### Turbines - ANDRITZ

Pump turbines. Best solution for pump storage hydropower plants. ANDRITZ Hydro pump turbines are able to reverse the water flow and operate as a pump to fill a higher located reservoir in off-peak periods and then revert to a classical water turbine for power generation during peak demand.

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• ### NPTEL

2017-8-4 · Since the discharge pressure is atmospheric, the inlet pressure head . pg1 ρ ( above atmospheric pressure head) can be written as rr . 22 2 2 1 21 1 2 22 p V V UU ρgg g − + = + ( friction in the runner is neglected). Therefore, rr. 2 22 2 2 1 21 1 2 22 2 V V V UU H gg g − + =+ + From the inlet and outlet velocity triangles, 12 12 2 2.07 ...

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• ### Pump Suction Head and Altitude - Engineering ToolBox

2021-5-7 · Pressure to Head - Unit Converter - Convert between pressure and head units - like lb/in 2, atm, inches mercury, bars, Pa and more .. Pumps - Suction Specific Speed - Suction Specific Speed can be used to determine stable and reliable operations for pumps with max efficiency without cavitation

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• ### How to Conduct Acceptance And Service Tests of

2021-5-12 · Let’s look at the acceptance test of a 1000-gpm pumper I made for the Glenbrook, Conn., Fire Department to see how net pump pressure is determined with the use of the formula for suction pressure.

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• ### TOTAL HEAD DEVELOPED BY CENTRIFUGAL PUMP -

2021-5-7 · Net head developed by the pump = Static head + Sum of all losses of head So, we have seen here the determination of net head developed by the centrifugal pump in a pumping system. We have also discussed here the losses of head during flow of liquid through the pumping system from lower reservoir to higher reservoir.

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• ### HGORDG UHMHFWLRQRIDSXPS WXUELQHSRZHUSODQW

Hd 0.042 e (B = ´ - - H H H v) For a typical Francis turbine of head around 100 m, assuming the effective head He before load rejection is 100 m, and HB-Hv=9.7 mwc, the minimum allowable pressure in the draft tube Hd would be -5.5mwc. For the high head pump-turbine investigated in this paper, where He=500m, the calculated min. allowable pressure reaches Hd=+11 mwc (gauge pressure), i.e. the ...

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• ### Rated Pump Capacity - Firehouse Forums -

2004-4-20 · A pump's 'rated' capacity is achieved by being able to perform 3 things (4 at initial acceptance): 1. Must be able to pump full capacity at 150 PSI NET PUMP PRESSURE (Net Pump Pressure is the difference between inlet pressure and discharge pressure, no matter whether inlet is positive or negative) 2. Must be able to pump 70% capacity at 200 PSI ...

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• ### Cargo Calculations - Tanker Work - Cult of Sea

Net Observed Volume (NOV) is the volume of oil excluding total water and total sediment at the oil temperature & pressure prevailing. Net Standard Volume (NSV) is the volume of oil excluding total water and total sediment, calculated at standard conditions e.g 15 o C or 60 o F and 1013.25 hPa.

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• ### CHAPTER – 3 HYDRAULIC TURBINE CLASSIFICATION AND

2020-1-7 · EFFECTIVE HEAD (Net Head) - The effective head is the net head available to the turbine unit for power production. This head is the static gross head, the difference between the level of water in the Forebay/impoundment and the tailrace water level at the outlet, less the hydraulic losses of the water passage as shown in Figure 3. 1.

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• ### Petroleum Calculation Series: Definition – Marine

2011-11-10 · Net Standard Volume (NSV): The total volume of all petroleum liquids, excluding sediment and water and free water, corrected by the appropriate volume correction factor (Ctl) for the observed temperature and API Gravity, relative density, or density to a standard temperature such as 60°F or 15°C and also corrected by the applicable pressure ...

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• ### Collection Systems Technology Fact Sheet: Sewers, Lift

2012-9-26 · in a pump room (dry pit or dry-well), that is easily accessible. The wet-well is a separate chamber attached or located adjacent to the dry-well (pump room) structure. Figures 1 and 2 illustrate the two types of pumps. Submersible lift stations do not have a separate pump room; the lift station …

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• ### Technical C o m rn i ttee Doc, u mentation

2015-11-12 · half again. Given a draft situation (discharge pressure as much as 4 to 6 psi less than rated net pressure) and normal pump performance deterioration with age, the medium volume pump would be expected to provide less than 75 psi nozzle pressure with 250 ft of typical 1 1/2-inch lined fire hose.

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• ### NPTEL

2017-8-4 · Since the discharge pressure is atmospheric, the inlet pressure head . pg1 ρ ( above atmospheric pressure head) can be written as rr . 22 2 2 1 21 1 2 22 p V V UU ρgg g − + = + ( friction in the runner is neglected). Therefore, rr. 2 22 2 2 1 21 1 2 22 2 V V V UU H gg g − + =+ + From the inlet and outlet velocity triangles, 12 12 2 2.07 ...

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• ### DO Pumper Flashcards

While conducting a pump capacity test, if the net pump pressure is correct but the nozzle flow (gpm) is too high, the: A. Discharge gate most be opened further. B. Discharge gate must be closed further. C. Throttle setting must be reduced. D. Both B and C must be done simultaneously.

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• ### FLUID MECHANICS 203 TUTORIAL No.2 APPLICATIONS

2008-12-4 · The pressure form of the equation is as follows. L 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 p u p gz 2 u p gz + ρ = +ρ + ρ +ρ + The total energy of the fluid (excluding internal energy) is no longer constant. Note that if a point is a free surface the pressure is normally atmospheric but if gauge pressures are used, the pressure and pressure head becomes zero.

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• ### Cargo Calculations - Tanker Work - Cult of Sea

Net Observed Volume (NOV) is the volume of oil excluding total water and total sediment at the oil temperature & pressure prevailing. Net Standard Volume (NSV) is the volume of oil excluding total water and total sediment, calculated at standard conditions e.g 15 o C or 60 o F and 1013.25 hPa.

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• ### Lift, Head & Flow - One Stop Fire Products -- Fire

2021-4-11 · Liquid Pump Terminology Discharge Head This is the vertical distance that you are able to pump the liquid. Say your pump is rated for a maximum head of 100 feet, this does not mean that you are restricted to100 feet of pipe, you could use 300 feet, so long as the final discharge point is not higher than 100 feet above the liquid being pumped ...

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• ### Managing Commercial Building Pressurization

2021-5-13 · The result is a net negative pressure at the top of the building and a corresponding net positive pressure at the bottom. Unless building pressure is controlled, outdoor air will infiltrate the upper floors while indoor air exfiltrates from the lower levels. The pressure difference also

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• ### An Introduction to Well Drawdown - cadroughtprep.net

2004-10-11 · Attached an air pump (such as a tire pump) and pressure gauge to the tee in the air line. Fill the line with air until the gauge pressure is constant. Record the pressure. Subtract this from the length of the air line to find the depth to water. If you are measuring drawdown in feet or meters, the best gauge to

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• ### HVAC FORMULAS TON OF REFRIGERATION - The amount

2018-2-16 · HVAC FORMULAS TON OF REFRIGERATION - The amount of heat required to melt a ton (2000 lbs.) of ice at 32°F 288,000 BTU/24 hr. 12,000 BTU/hr. APPROXIMATELY 2 inches in Hg. (mercury) = 1 psi WORK = Force (energy exerted) X Distance

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• ### CHAPTER – 3 HYDRAULIC TURBINE CLASSIFICATION AND

2020-1-7 · EFFECTIVE HEAD (Net Head) - The effective head is the net head available to the turbine unit for power production. This head is the static gross head, the difference between the level of water in the Forebay/impoundment and the tailrace water level at the outlet, less the hydraulic losses of the water passage as shown in Figure 3. 1.

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